Graduated Licensing in All 50 States

by Jim Thompson | Last Updated: May 14, 2021

When it comes to young drivers, vehicle collision reports state that teen drivers have three times the crash rate per mile driven when compared to drivers that are 20 and older. Immaturity and newly granted freedoms often lead to speeding and other risky behaviors. Teen drivers also often lack the experience to recognize or know how to respond to hazards appropriately.

To protect inexperienced drivers, all states have instituted graduated licensing programs. Graduated licensing allows young drivers to practice driving skills with supervision before they get their license and comes with driving restrictions after they are licensed. These restrictions generally include establishing minimum ages for driving permits and licenses, required hours of practice time, and limits on night driving and the number of passengers the new driver can carry in their car.

As explained by the Govenors Highway Safety Association, there are three stages to the GDL process:

Most states began enacting graduated licensing programs in the 1990s. Many of these programs have similar limitations placed on young drivers while some are unique.

Let’s Break ‘Em Down

All states have some elements of graduated licensing, but the specifics vary from state to state. Here’s what the road to an unrestricted license looks like for teen drivers in all 50.


Alabama drivers ed

Alabama

The Alabama graduated licensing program breaks down like this:

For a look at the full licensing process, check out our First-Time Alabama Drivers License Guide


Alaska driver license

Alaska

The Alaska graduated licensing program breaks down like this:

For a look at the full licensing process, check out our First-Time Alaska Drivers License Guide


Arizona license

Arizona

The Arizona graduated licensing program breaks down like this:

For a look at the full licensing process, check out our First-Time Arizona Drivers License Guide


Arkansas License

Arkansas

The Arkansas graduated licensing program breaks down like this:

For a look at the full licensing process, check out our First-Time Arkansas Drivers License Guide


California Drivers license

California

The California graduated licensing program breaks down like this:

For a look at the full licensing process, check out our First-Time California Drivers License Guide


Colorado drivers ed

Colorado

The Colorado graduated licensing program breaks down like this:

For a look at the full licensing process, check out our First-Time Colorado Drivers License Guide


Connecticut

The Connecticut graduated licensing program breaks down like this:

For a look at the full licensing process, check out our First-Time Connecticut Drivers License Guide


Delaware license

Delaware

The Delaware graduated licensing program breaks down like this:

For a look at the full licensing process, check out our First-Time Delaware Drivers License Guide


Florida Driver License

Florida

The Florida graduated licensing program breaks down like this:

For a look at the full licensing process, check out our First-Time Florida Drivers License Guide


Georgia Drivers license

Georgia

The Georgia graduated licensing program breaks down like this:

For a look at the full licensing process, check out our First-Time Georgia Drivers License Guide


Hawaii drivers license

Hawaii

The Hawaii graduated licensing program breaks down like this:

For a look at the full licensing process, check out our First-Time Hawaii Drivers License Guide


Idaho Drivers license

Idaho

The Idaho graduated licensing program breaks down like this:

For a look at the full licensing process, check out our First-Time Idaho Drivers License Guide


Illinois license

Illinois

The Illinois graduated licensing program breaks down like this:

For a look at the full licensing process, check out our First-Time Illinois Drivers License Guide


Indiana Drivers license

Indiana

The Indiana graduated licensing program breaks down like this:

For a look at the full licensing process, check out our First-Time Indiana Drivers License Guide


Iowa Drivers license

Iowa

The Iowa graduated licensing program breaks down like this:

For a look at the full licensing process, check out our First-Time Iowa Drivers License Guide


Kansas Drivers license

Kansas

The Kansas graduated licensing program breaks down like this:

For a look at the full licensing process, check out our First-Time Kansas Drivers License Guide


Kentucky Drivers license

Kentucky

The Kentucky graduated licensing program breaks down like this:

For a look at the full licensing process, check out our First-Time Kentucky Drivers License Guide


Louisiana drivers license

Louisiana

The Louisiana graduated licensing program breaks down like this:

For a look at the full licensing process, check out our First-Time Louisiana Drivers License Guide


Maine Drivers license

Maine

The Maine graduated licensing program breaks down like this:

For a look at the full licensing process, check out our First-Time Maine Drivers License Guide


Maryland Drivers license

Maryland

The Maryland graduated licensing program breaks down like this:

For a look at the full licensing process, check out our First-Time Maryland Drivers License Guide


Massachusetts Drivers license

Massachusetts

The Massachusetts graduated licensing program breaks down like this:

For a look at the full licensing process, check out our First-Time Massachusetts Drivers License Guide


Michigan Drivers license

Michigan

The Michigan graduated licensing program breaks down like this:

For a look at the full licensing process, check out our First-Time Michigan Drivers License Guide


Minnesota Drivers license

Minnesota

The Michigan graduated licensing program breaks down like this:

For a look at the full licensing process, check out our First-Time Minnesota Drivers License Guide


Mississippi Drivers license

Mississippi

The Mississippi graduated licensing program breaks down like this:

For a look at the full licensing process, check out our First-Time Mississippi Drivers License Guide


Missouri Drivers license

Missouri

The Missouri graduated licensing program breaks down like this:

For a look at the full licensing process, check out our First-Time Missouri Drivers License Guide


Montana Drivers license

Montana

The Montana graduated licensing program breaks down like this:

For a look at the full licensing process, check out our First-Time Montana Drivers License Guide


Nebraska drivers license

Nebraska

The Nebraska graduated licensing program breaks down like this:

For a look at the full licensing process, check out our First-Time Nebraska Drivers License Guide


Nevada Drivers license

Nevada

The Nevada graduated licensing program breaks down like this:

For a look at the full licensing process, check out our First-Time Nevada Drivers License Guide


New Hampshire Drivers license

New Hampshire

The New Hampshire graduated licensing program breaks down like this:

For a look at the full licensing process, check out our First-Time New Hampshire Drivers License Guide


New Jersey Drivers license

New Jersey

The New Jersey graduated licensing program breaks down like this:

For a look at the full licensing process, check out our First-Time New Jersey Drivers License Guide


New Mexico drivers license

New Mexico

The New Mexico graduated licensing program breaks down like this:

For a look at the full licensing process, check out our First-Time New Mexico Drivers License Guide


New York Drivers license

New York

The New York graduated licensing program breaks down like this:

For a look at the full licensing process, check out our First-Time New York Drivers License Guide


North Carolina Drivers license

North Carolina

The North Carolina graduated licensing program breaks down like this:

For a look at the full licensing process, check out our First-Time North Carolina Drivers License Guide


North Dakota drivers license

North Dakota

The North Dakota graduated licensing program breaks down like this:

For a look at the full licensing process, check out our First-Time North Dakota Drivers License Guide


Ohio drivers ed

Ohio

The Ohio graduated licensing program breaks down like this:

For a look at the full licensing process, check out our First-Time Ohio Drivers License Guide


Oklahoma Drivers license

Oklahoma

The Oklahoma graduated licensing program breaks down like this:

For a look at the full licensing process, check out our First-Time Oklahoma Drivers License Guide


Oregon Drivers license

Oregon

The Oregon graduated licensing program breaks down like this:

For a look at the full licensing process, check out our First-Time Oregon Drivers License Guide


Pennsylvania Drivers license

Pennsylvania

The Pennsylvania graduated licensing program breaks down like this:

For a look at the full licensing process, check out our First-Time Pennsylvania Drivers License Guide


Rhode Island drivers license

Rhode Island

The Rhode Island graduated licensing program breaks down like this:

For a look at the full licensing process, check out our First-Time Rhode Island Drivers License Guide


South Carolina Drivers license

South Carolina

The South Carolina graduated licensing program breaks down like this:

For a look at the full licensing process, check out our First-Time South Carolina Drivers License Guide


North Dakota drivers license

South Dakota

The South Dakota graduated licensing program breaks down like this:

For a look at the full licensing process, check out our First-Time South Dakota Drivers License Guide


Tennessee Drivers license

Tennessee

The Tennessee graduated licensing program breaks down like this:

For a look at the full licensing process, check out our First-Time Tennessee Drivers License Guide


Texas drivers ed

Texas

The Texas graduated licensing program breaks down like this:

For a look at the full licensing process, check out our First-Time Texas Drivers License Guide


Utah drivers license

Utah

The Utah graduated licensing program breaks down like this:

For a look at the full licensing process, check out our First-Time Utah Drivers License Guide


Vermont Drivers license

Vermont

The Vermont graduated licensing program breaks down like this:

For a look at the full licensing process, check out our First-Time Vermont Drivers License Guide


Virginia drivers license

Virginia

The Virginia graduated licensing program breaks down like this:

For a look at the full licensing process, check out our First-Time Virginia Drivers License Guide


West Virginia drivers license

West Virginia

The West Virginia graduated licensing program breaks down like this:

For a look at the full licensing process, check out our First-Time West Virginia Drivers License Guide


Wisconsin Drivers license

Wisconsin

The Wisconsin graduated licensing program breaks down like this:

For a look at the full licensing process, check out our First-Time Wisconsin Drivers License Guide


Wyoming drivers license

Wyoming

The Wyoming graduated licensing program breaks down like this: